Havana, Thursday 20 de September de 2018 05:13 am

Cuban scientists to pay homage to Carlos J Finlay

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HAVANA, Cuba, Aug 4 (acn) A representation of the national scientific community will pay tribute on Friday to the Cuban scientist Carlos Juan Finlay de Barres (1833-1915), who discovered that the female Aedes aegypti mosquito was the transmitter of yellow fever.

Cuban professionals will march on pilgrimage to the tomb of Finlay on Colon necropolis and will deposit a wreath in memory of the man who drew up an anti-vector plan as only solution to eradicate the disease in the nineteenth century.

Specialists from the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment (CITMA by its Spanish acronym) also told ACN that the act is part of the activities for the centenary of the death of the illustrious doctor in Havana on August 19, 1915.

Although he was among the six most famous microbiologists in history, yet no one knows exactly why Finlay never received the Nobel Prize awarded in various specialties by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and other institutions.

The latter occurred despite being proposed on seven occasions during the period 1905-1915.

However, in 1975 UNESCO included him among the foremost experts in the history of the sector, along with Anton van Leeuwenhoek (Netherlands, 1632 -1723), a manufacturer of microscopes, and Louis Pasteur (France, 1822-1895), author of the technique known as pasteurization.

The list is also made up by Heinrich Hermann Robert Koch (Germany, 1843-1910), who discovered the tuberculosis bacillus; and Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov (Ukraine, 1845-1916), who formulated the theory of the human body's ability to resist and overcome infectious diseases and researches related to syphilis.

Finally, it also included to Alexander Fleming (Scotland, 1881-1955), the first man to observe the antibiotic effects of penicillin.

Only six years later, on May 25, 1981, UNESCO awarded, for the first time, the International Prize named after him, in order to recognize advances in microbiology.

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