Havana, Sunday 26 de May de 2019 07:10 am

Gender equality survey shows progress in Cuba

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Gender equality survey shows progress in CubaHAVANA, Cuba, Mar 1 (ACN) The latest survey on gender equality in Cuba showed that 88.7 percent of the Cuban population between the ages of 15 and 74 believe that laws that protect women are applied in the country.

Conducted in 2016 by specialists from the Center for Women's Studies and the Center for Population and Development Studies, its objective is to deepen conceptions and stereotypes of Cubans related to gender equality, as well as to identify progress in the country in this area.

One of the results shows is when asking whether women's rights are respected in families, 71.1 per cent of those studied agree (70.6 percent of women and 71.5 percent of men), and 19 percent agree in part in total.

Regarding women, this research also analyzed the time they dedicate to housework, 27 hours per week, 10 more than men; however, when it comes to paid work, it is men who take the lead by dedicating 12 hours more than women to it.

The investigation shows that stereotypes that are still rooted in society persist, such as the definition of suitable work for women; the result obtained was that between 96 and 99 per cent of the people interviewed consider suitable jobs to be secretaries, cleaning assistants, nurses, caretakers of other people, preschool children's teachers and high-level leaders.

Another important aspect, which is currently the subject of controversy in other countries of the world, is the right that women have to decide whether or not to have children, to which 62 percent of those surveyed responded that they agree that a woman can feel good without procreating, which evidences, according to the aforementioned report, "a significant evolution in the conception that a woman is not just a mother".

In the gender equality survey, 77 percent of all interviewees believe that people who have sex with others of the same sex should have the same rights as others.

Percentages are reduced when investigating the right to marry, although almost half of the people, 49.1 percent of the total, believe that same-sex couples should be allowed to marry.

One of the aspects most advocated by Cuba, and even endorsed in the new Constitution, was non-discrimination on the basis of age, sex, skin color, and occupation, place of birth, physical appearance, sexual orientation or gender identity.

Ninety-six per cent of those surveyed stated that they had not felt discriminated against in the last five years for any of these reasons, which demonstrates the effectiveness of the laws that have been implemented in the country.

The survey proposes, as a recommendation, to follow up on the fulfillment of the express political will to fight against gender violence; as well as to update and improve the penal preventive measures, protection and attention to prevent, sanction and face all types of violence.

Although it is recognized here that there is still much to be done, the evolution in Cuban society and the change in mentality generated by the various public policies implemented by the Greater Antilles in recent years are also praised.

 

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