HAVANA, Cuba, May 28 (ACN) Cuban experts warn that a new study recently carried out shows that the rise in sea level in Cuba for the years 2050 and 2100, would be greater than expected a decade ago, which would aggravate the ecological and social impact of this phenomenon.
Through the application of the improved version of a software, Cuban specialists reformulated the estimations referred to the elevation of the average sea level whose increase would be in the order of 29.3 centimeters in 2050 and 95 cm by 2100, when the previous calculations placed them at 27 and 85 cm, respectively.
According to information published today by Granma newspaper such a projection would also aggravate the effects of the surgences caused by the passage of hurricanes on the country, by covering the sea greater spaces in the settlements affected populations and arable land.
Studies on this environmental phenomenon have detected as major threats to the country the increase in air temperature, the decrease in rainfall, the increase in average sea level, and the behavior of hydrometeorological extremes.
Associated risks include loss of territory, reduction of water resources, changes in ecosystem balances, and fragmentation or extinction of unique environmental systems.
To mitigate the effects of this phenomenon, Cuba implements the State Plan for Confronting Climate Change, Task Life, which contains five strategic actions and 11 tasks, including those aimed at reducing population settlements in coastal areas, diversifying and adapting crops to new scenarios, conserving sandy beaches and ensuring the availability and efficient use of water.
Studies carried out in the country show that there is a 1.5 to 2 meter annual retreat of the coastline, while the National Tide Network reports an increase of 2.14 millimeters per year in the acceleration of the average sea level rise.