Havana, Sunday 24 de September de 2017 03:35 pm

Cuba Celebrates World Population Day

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Cuba Celebrates World Population DayHavana, Cuba, Jul 10 (ACN) Specialists from the Center of Demographic Studies (CEDEM) of the University of Havana and the Cuban Multidisciplinary Society (Socumes) and other entities highlighted on Monday in Havana on the country's potential in taking action aimed at family planning.

During a Scientific Workshop of systemizing research on Family Planning, sponsored by the UN Population Fund in Cuba on the occasion of World Population Day, the participants warned on the early start of sexual relations, most of the time without any protection or formal knowledge of birth control methods.

Statistics of the Ministry of Public Health confirmed that the birth control rate surpasses 70 percent in the country but the National Fertility Survey recognizes that the knowhow and coverage does not guarantee an adequate use of the contraceptives.

The specialists added that there are still concerns on the risks of pregnancy among teenagers, starting from abortions that can lead to maternal mortality and cervix/uterus cancer.

With this year's slogan "Family Planning: Empowerment of the People, Developing Nations", the celebration each year calls out for a universal access to sexual and reproductive health services, including voluntary family planning for all, from a human rights perspectives.

PhD in Sciences, Maria Elena Benitez said during the event, that Cuba is celebrating three decades of World Population Day, which began on July 11th, 1987 when the population in the world reached 5 billion inhabitants.

She highlighted that the day is dedicated to family planning because in 1994, leaders of 180 countries meeting in the International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo drafted an action plan that placed health, dignity and well-being of the people at the center of development.

The International Coordinador of programs of the UNFPA pointed out that the universal access to sexual and reproductive health services including voluntary family planning is the central element in this new paradigm based on rights and is not only centered on results but also the way it's obtained.

The specialist said that some 225 million women that attempt to prevent pregnancy do not use safe and efficient family planning methods and the majority of them live in 69 of the poorest countries in the world.

Satisfying the demand will allow saving lives and 60 million unplanned pregnancies in the world would be prevented and the number of maternal deaths would decrease to an equivalent of a third of the 303 thousand maternal deaths estimated the previous year, she said.

Cuestas said that the use of modern birth control methods has almost doubled worldwide, growing from 36 percent in 1970 to 64 percent in 2016; however, there is still much to do to guarantee that women can enjoy their right to decide if they want to become pregnant.

The UN Population Fund is an international cooperation agency for development that looks for ways to contribute to a "world where each pregnancy is planned, without risks and each young adult can reach its full development".

This path promotes the right of each woman, man, boy and girl to enjoy a healthy life with equal opportunities for all.

 

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